The Bundeswehr’s International Crisis Management
Crises in other countries or on other continents can endanger security in Germany. The Bundeswehr is therefore involved in multinational operations that are intended to prevent or manage crises and to restore stability to the affected regions. In international crisis management, the Bundeswehr is expected to take on even more responsibility in the future in order to contribute to the handling of crises.
What is international crisis management?
International crisis management includes all measures aimed at preventing, containing or peacefully resolving an armed conflict between countries, different parts of the population or other conflict parties. The main objectives of international crisis management are the prevention and containment of crises and the stabilisation of affected regions.
The Bundeswehr’s international crisis management becomes apparent through operations abroad in multinational alliances and organisations. If the German government wants to send the Bundeswehr on an armed mission within the framework of international crisis management, the German Bundestag must approve the mission. This agreement by the German government and the German Bundestag helps military personnel see themselves as a parliamentary army on operations with broad support and approval.
What tasks does the Bundeswehr perform in international crisis management?
The Bundeswehr’s mission in international crisis management is to counter threats to Germany and its allies. To this end, the Bundeswehr makes military and civil-military contributions in cooperation with its allies. The focus is on the following tasks:
- Early identification of international crises
- Conflict prevention, crisis management, post-crisis rehabilitation, and stabilisation
- In international organisations, alliances and partnerships:
- Involvement in United Nations (UNUnited Nations) peace missions
- The fight against international terrorism
- Countering threats from cyber and information space, as well as new hybrid dangers
- Protection of sea routes
- Enforcement of embargoes and sanctions
How does the Bundeswehr cooperate with other armed forces?
In the Bundeswehr’s international crisis management, missions are conducted in compliance with international law. German servicemen and women cooperate with allies and partners from NATO, the EU, the United Nations (UNUnited Nations) and the OSCE.
Ad-hoc cooperation programmes may also arise, for example to counter hybrid and terrorist threats.
Where is the Bundeswehr involved in international crisis management?
The end of the Cold War completely changed the Bundeswehr’s international crisis management: the Bundeswehr became the “armed forces on operations (abroad)” we know today. This development began with involvement in the UNUnited Nations mission in Cambodia from May 1992 to November 1993. This was followed by missions in Somalia, other African states, the Balkans and the Middle East. At present, the Bundeswehr is involved in the following missions:
Last updated: November 2019
|Mission (name)||Mission area||First mandate||Current mandate||End of mandate|
Mandated personnel ceiling
RSM (Resolute Support Mission)
|1 Jan. 2015||21 Mar. 2019||31 Mar. 2020|
KFOR (Kosovo Force)
|12 Jun. 1999||28 Jun. 2019||indefinite|
UNMISS (United Nations Mission in South Sudan)
|8 Jul. 2011||21 Mar. 2019||31 Mar. 2020|
UNAMIDUnited Nations - African Union Hybrid Operation in Darfur (United Nations/African Union Mission in Darfur)
|15 Nov. 2007||21 Mar. 2019||31 Mar. 2020|
UNIFIL (United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon)
|20 Sep. 2006||28 Jun. 2019||30 Jun. 2020|
EUTMEuropean Training Mission in Mali Mali (European Union Training Mission in Mali)
|28 Feb. 2013||9 May 2019||31 May 2020|
MINUSMAUnited Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali)
|28 Feb. 2013||9 May 2019||31 May 2020|
MINURSOUnited Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara)
|Western Sahara||16 Oct. 2013||16 Oct. 2013||indefinite|
Sea Guardian (NATO mission)
|Mediterranean Sea||29 Sep. 2016||21 Mar. 2019||31 Mar. 2020|
NAVFOR Atalanta (European Union Naval Force – Operation Atalanta)
|Horn of Africa and adjacent sea areas||19 Dec. 2008||9 May 2019||31 May 2020|
|Anti-IS operation/Capacity Building Iraq|
(support for the anti-IS coalition, stabilisation of Iraq)
|Middle East||4 Dec. 2015||24 Oct. 2019|
31 Mar. 2020 (CD )