EUMAMEuropean Union Military Assistance Mission Ukraine

Trainings EUMAMEuropean Union Military Assistance Mission 2023

Trainings EUMAMEuropean Union Military Assistance Mission 2023

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Around 10,000 Ukrainian soldiers were trained by German and multinational units on German soil during more than 260 training sessions in 2023. From mine defence and urban warfare to the PatriotPhased Array Tracking Radar to Intercept on Target missile defence system, knowledge was imparted that is urgently needed in Ukraine to defend against Russia's invasion in violation of international law.

An anti-aircraft system is standing in the snow

The anti-aircraft missile system PatriotPhased Array Tracking Radar to Intercept on Target, for example, is used to combat enemy aircraft

Bundeswehr / Sebastian Moldt

The year 2023 is drawing to a close. The training mission EUMAM UAEuropean Union Military Assistance Mission Ukraine (European Union Military Assistance Mission Ukraine) can look back on a successful year. Established on November 15th, 2022, a complex structure was set up in a very short space of time to coordinate all training for Ukrainian soldiers taking place in Germany. The training units are provided by both the Bundeswehr and the armed forces of other European nations.

Diversity of training 

This year alone, over 10,000 Ukrainian soldiers have been trained in over 260 training modules. The variety of training is partly due to the arms deliveries to Ukraine. Training on weapons systems such as the LEOPARD A1 tank, the MARDER armoured personnel carrier, the PATRIOT missile defence system or the PANZERHAUBITZE 2000 requires the highest level of expertise from the trainers. These were provided by the Bundeswehr, but also by trainers from several European nations. In addition, there are training courses such as an Assault Sapper Section Course ASSC (assault pioneers), rifleman or wooded and urban combat. Less high-tech content is taught there. Infantry skills take centre stage here. The wide range of training requires an equally wide range of trainers. Added to this are the many support staff such as translators, cooks, military police, medical services, etc. For every 10 Ukrainians undergoing training, a total of around 16 people are required.

Flexibility is the key 

The training units were adapted to the respective training. In assault engineer training, for example, mine-clearing experts had to organise the training together with infantry and medical soldiers in order to ensure the most efficient training success possible. However, not only did overarching skills have to be taught, it was also necessary to adapt to the changing needs of Ukraine. The needs usually depended directly on the course of the war and could therefore not be planned in the long term. This was certainly a challenge for the staff of the Special Training Command (ST-C), where all training-related threads came together. In addition, the training groups were rarely homogeneous. In most cases, the teams travelling from Ukraine consisted of soldiers with different levels of experience. This ranged from soldiers with front-line experience to recruits and recently drafted civilians. There were also huge age differences between the Ukrainians. It was the task of the training units to take all these differences into account during the training and to meet everyone where they were.


EUMAM UAEuropean Union Military Assistance Mission Ukraine will be continued in 2024 and support Ukraine in its fight against the enemy. The experience gained in 2023 will be considered and the training will be increasingly adapted to Ukraine's needs. As next year's requirements will also have to be adapted to as yet unknown factors such as weapons deliveries and the course of the war, flexibility will remain the key to successful training. No matter how difficult it is to adapt the training, all European nations agree on one thing: we will continue, no matter how long it takes!

  • a soldier is kneeling next to other soldiers and explains something to them

    German trainer explaining the use of equipment during assault sapper section course

  • A soldier kneels next to another soldier lying on the ground

    A Ukrainian soldier secures his wounded comrade in order for him to be rescued

    Bundeswehr / Lea Bacherle
  • a soldier is standing on the corner of a house in the fog

    Ukrainian soldier watching his squad penetrating a building applying smoke grenades

    Bundeswehr / Bacherle
  • A soldier is taking cover. He has his rifle with him.

    Shooter taking cover with G36 in firing position

    Bundeswehr / Lea Bacherle
  • A tank is standing in an open area in front of a forest

    Battle tank Leopard 1A5 on the training ground

    Bundeswehr/Andreas Keck
  • a soldier is wearing an ABC protective mask and gloves. He is dealing with dangerous substances.

    Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear Threats (CBRNchemical, biological, radiological, nuclear) training

    Bundeswehr / Lea Bacherle
  • a tank drives over sandy ground

    IFV Marder driving through sanded ground

    Bundeswehr / Carl Schulze
  • Three soldiers are standing inside a building with rifles in their hands. Their weapons are pointing in different directions.

    Ukrainian group in urban scenario clearing a building. Tactical approach is practiced in groups of four.

  • two self-propelled howitzers are driving in the area

    Self-propelled howitzer 2000 during the training of Ukrainian soldiers

    Bundeswehr / Sebastian Moldt
by Thomas Overbeck / ST-C Public Affairs

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