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WIWeB

Below you can find detailed Information about the Bundeswehr Research Institute#e for Materials, Fuels and Lubricants in Erding. Learn more about its tasks, responsibilities and organizational structure, get contact Details and directions.

The Mission of WIWeB

The Bundeswehr Research Institute for Materials, Fuels and Lubricants (WIWeB) develops and implements the scientific and technological methods and principles required for the study and evaluation of materials, fuels and lubricants as well as textiles and chemicals, with special focus on their chemical, physical and safety-relevant properties. Furthermore, the Institute supports the Bundeswehr in matters of environmental protection, chemical safety as well as occupational safety and health. These manifold tasks are performed by members of all specialties. WIWeB also trains up to five chemical laboratory assistants and material testers per year. 

View of WIWeB from above

WIWeB in Erding

Bundeswehr/Christoph Mohr

The scientific facility in Erding, Bavaria, was founded in 1997 as a merger of the Wehrwissenschaftliches Institut für Materialuntersuchungen (Bundeswehr Institute for Material Testing) in Erding and the Bundesinstitut für chemisch-technische Untersuchungen (Federal Institute for Chemical and Technical Tests) in Swisttal. WIWeB belongs to the area of responsibility of the Federal Office of Bundeswehr Equipment, Information Technology and In-Service Support in Koblenz.

Overview of WIWeB’s Tasks

Based on the requirements of Customer Product Managements (CPMCustomer Product Management), WIWeB in Erding contributes its scientific expertise and its test and evaluation capabilities to the realization of national and international armaments projects, in particular by controlling and conducting research and technology (R&TResearch and Technology) projects that are oriented towards technologies, capabilities and products. 

This results in the following tasks for WIWeB:

  • Provide advice and technical support to project managers
  • Conduct experiments and analyses
  • Maintain all required records 
  • Test materials with regard to their suitability 
  • Develop and analyze products and substances within WIWeB’s area of responsibility. This includes Bundeswehr-specific clothing and personal equipment as well as technical textiles and similar fabrics.
  • Initiate and work on projects related to POLpetroleum, oils and lubricants products, packaging and textile camouflage materials
A woman and a man sit in front of a monitor and discuss the test results

All tests must be carefully evaluated. This is the only way to ensure that the right decisions will be made later on.

Bundeswehr/Sebastian Scheuermann

The technical support and advice provided by WIWeB in the use of defense materiel also involves other tasks:

  • Prepare expert reports in the event of accidents, damage and warranty cases
  • Conduct materiel maintenance analyses: this includes e.g. early detection of damage, surface protection, preservation, packaging, lifetime predictions and repairs
  • Tasks relating to environmental protection in the Bundeswehr to the extent that they concern the chemical safety of any substance and product in WIWeB’s field of responsibility.

The Task Fields in Detail

The Bundeswehr Research Institute for Materials, Fuels and Lubricants (WIWeB) is an independent Bundeswehr research center which is responsible for the safety, technology and chemistry of materials and petroleum, oils and lubricants (POLpetroleum, oils and lubricants). In this context, WIWeB has become a competent point of contact for these matters for industry. The majority of test procedures conducted at WIWeB have been certified by the German Accreditation Council (DARDynamic Arms Research) in accordance with DINDeutschen Instituts für Normung e.V. EN ISO/IEC 17025. 

A man holds an operating device in his hands and programs a robotic arm to the side of him.

Adhesive test using high-tech equipment: After programming, a robot will prepare the material surface.

Bundeswehr/Maria Aigner


WIWeB provides tailored materials for specific defense applications as well as generic systems that are not available in the civilian sector. In this context it is important to note that WIWeB develops efficient materiel protection concepts and procedures to maintain the functionality and the value of Bundeswehr equipment during its use, transportation or storage.

The “Materials, Designs and Structures” division conducts research primarily on new armor and penetrator materials as well as on high-performance lightweight materials, on the operational behavior and repair of fiber composite components as well as on military material protection and surface technology.

The “POLpetroleum, oils and lubricants Products and Tribology” division analyzes how an unrestricted supply of these products to the Bundeswehr can be achieved under extreme climatic conditions. Military use brings about particularities that are handled differently in the civilian sector or do not exist there at all. The work in the division focuses on understanding the performance behavior of POLs, on the subject area of electrorheological and magnetorheological fluids (smart fluids) as well as on compatibility and contamination tolerance.

The “Chemical Product Safety, Occupational Safety and Health and Environmental Protection” division analyzes the effects of chemical agents on human beings and the environment. The main objective in this context is to minimize the threat potential of materials and POLpetroleum, oils and lubricants products to human beings and to the environment during their entire life cycle. In addition, the researchers at WIWeB develop new specific analysis methods to quantitatively determine harmful ingredients and reactants in materials and POLpetroleum, oils and lubricants products. Another particular focus is on determining and assessing the threats posed by environmental influences in the theaters of operations to Bundeswehr personnel and on developing tailored protective measures.

In the research field “Personal Gear of the Soldier”, WIWeB develops camouflage and deception measures and provides solutions for mission-adapted and system-compatible clothing with optimum fits and materials. Moreover, the research field ensures optimum wearing comfort in all climate zones and determines the relevant comfort characteristics using suitable test methods. This caters to the deployment-related, ever-changing requirements for functional clothing in order to achieve a significant performance increase in the five core areas, i.e. effective engagement, command and control capability, mobility, survivability and sustainability.

WIWeB supports newly developed and fielded projects with materiel protection concepts and specific test procedures throughout the entire life cycle of the device or equipment. In case of damage, WIWeB can identify the causes and thus help to avoid such occurrences in the future. A particular focus is on regular on-condition monitoring of the materiel, e.g. by ultrasonic testing.

In order to ensure the long-term use of Bundeswehr equipment, WIWeB develops concepts for materiel protection and protection during storage and transportation and implements these concepts together with military agencies. Moreover, WIWeB makes lifetime predictions for individual components in order to determine how long and how intensively an equipment item can be used. Another focus of work at WIWeB is on repairs, both in its repair center in Germany and in the theaters of operations.

The Bundeswehr Hazardous Substance Measurement Office South, which is part of WIWeB, is the central point of contact for civilian and military Bundeswehr personnel in all matters relating to environmental protection and occupational safety and health. It conducts workplace measurements in barracks, civilian buildings and in the Bundeswehr theaters of operations and ensures the safe handling of hazardous substances by conducting environmental analyses. As a precaution, WIWeB examines the materials for potential hazards already prior to their employment to ensure they will be tolerated by human beings.

In addition, WIWeB prepares expert reports on the extension of the shelf life and service life of fabrics relevant for aviation safety after the expiration of the manufacturer’s warranty period and thus helps to reduce procurement costs.

WIWeB’s statutory responsibilities include Government Quality Assurance inspections, type tests and first article inspections. In addition, the Institute developed a laboratory container which allows quality checks of POLpetroleum, oils and lubricants products under the technical control of WIWeB even on operations abroad.

The Bundeswehr Control Center for Welding Engineering is another WIWeB facility. It deals with all regulations and requirements for welding operations in the Bundeswehr and is responsible for monitoring their compliance.

Manufacture and maintenance of defense products must meet defined quality standards due to the static and dynamic stresses acting on these products, their applications and the special safety and reliability requirements applicable to the products. Consequently, all companies conducting welding operations on defense products must obtain a special manufacturer qualification certificate in accordance with DINDeutschen Instituts für Normung e.V. 2303, “Welding and Allied Processes – Quality Requirements for Production and Maintenance Companies for Military Products”.

These certificates are issued by organizations recognized by the Bundeswehr Control Center for Welding Engineering.

Tasks and activities of the Bundeswehr Control Center for Welding Engineering

  • Responsible management of DINDeutschen Instituts für Normung e.V. 2303
  • Designation of recognized organizations
  • Provision of advice, coordination and guidelines for the work of the recognized organizations with regard to DINDeutschen Instituts für Normung e.V. 2303
  • Preparation of a work instruction to provide the recognized organizations with internal reference material that supplements DINDeutschen Instituts für Normung e.V. 2303
  • Representation of Bundeswehr interests vis-á-vis the DINDeutschen Instituts für Normung e.V. Standards Committee for Shipbuilding and Marine Technology
  • Responsible management and updating of Volume 1050 of the Construction Regulations for German Navy Ships (BV 1050), “Erzeugnisse aus metallischen Werkstoffen, Schweißzusätze und Schweißhilfsstoffe, Qualifikation und Schweißverbindungen” (Products made from metallic materials, filler materials and welding consumables, qualification and welded joints)
  • Qualification and approval of new metallic materials and filler materials in accordance with BV 1050
  • Support of major Bundeswehr projects with regard to welding

Additional Information

Manufacturer Qualification - German version (PDF, 138.9 KB)Herstellerqualifikation (PDF, 138.9 KB)
Manufacturer Qualification Certificates for Parent Materials in Accordance with BV 1050 - German version (PDF, 10.3 KB)
List of Companies Authorized to Manufacture and Deliver Welding Consumables - German Version (PDF, 12.7 KB)

Additional Information

The Organizational Structure of WIWeB

WIWeB is organized into three divisions and the two elements “Engineering and Operational Services” and “Economic and Administrative Services”. The divisions include the operational branches of the Institute where the agency’s main tasks are conducted. While Engineering and Operational Services is home to the operational services as well as the testing and measurement services, Economic and Administrative Services encompasses the administrative elements of the Institute.
The organizational chart of WIWeB provides an overview of the structure of the Bundeswehr Research Institute for Materials, Fuels and Lubricants.

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How to get to WIWeB

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Here is some information on how to get to WIWeB in Erding. You have several travel options: by car, train or plane.

Take Autobahn A 92 and take the exit at “München Flughafen“ (Munich Airport) towards Erding. Follow the road towards “Erding Nord/Zentrum”. In Erding follow the signs towards “Moodburg/Berglern”. You will drive by the Air Base and through the district of Langengeisling. About 500 m after the end of town, you will see WIWeB on the right-hand side.

Take a train to München Hauptbahnhof (Munich central station). From there, take the S-Bahn (city train S2) towards “Ostbahnhof”. Ride the train until its final stop. If you notify us well in advance, we will be pleased to arrange for a driver to pick you up.

Take a plane to Munich Airport and continue by taxi. If you notify us well in advance, we will be pleased to arrange for a driver to pick you up.

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